After reading the passion, we can see the cruelty and evil that is in the world come out. Even today we see harsh and even cruel punishment. Torture and even death still today are used to intimidate and control. Christ came with a message opposite to humanity’s dark side so to speak, preaching God’s love and mercy and forgiveness. His message endured, but the battle rages on between good and evil. So often the question is asked “why is there evil in the world?” yet do we ever ask what we do to prevent it. As we enter our holy days, let us remember that yes the Lord suffered, and died. Also that he was Human and divine. Yet his death and resurrection remain a mystery that will be revealed at our own death and rising. Today, I urge you to focus on the reading of the passion the you have previously heard and below is the link to the reading itself.
6th Sunday in Ordinary time, 2-11-18
This is the last Sunday before the start of Lent. For the last three weeks, we have had sequential readings from the Gospel of Mark. In fact, we have read nearly all of Chapter 1. Mark has given us a great deal of information about Jesus, the purpose and style of his mission, his unique authority to teach and heal, and his intensity and power. Today, I want to recap these readings, because I believe they are an excellent entry into Lent as well as a very solid base for expanding the ministry of Holy Trinity.
The first 14 verses of Mark tell us about the baptism of Jesus and his time of temptation in the desert. Jesus’ first words recorded by Mark are, “The time is fulfilled, and the Kingdom of God is at hand; repent, and believe in the gospel.” You will remember that when the ashes are placed on your forehead on Ash Wednesday, one or both of these things are said, “Remember that you are dust and to dust you shall return,” or “Repent, and believe in the Gospel.” (Now we know where that came from.) The second one is not as familiar, maybe because it seems a little vague; we may not be sure what is being asked of us.
If someone calls you and says, “I have good news – our baby boy was born this morning,” you understand that not only is the message good news, but the baby himself is good news. The Jews had waited about 1,000 years for the arrival of the Messiah. Now, Mark tells us, the Messiah, Jesus, is teaching and healing and present with his people. Not only do we find the announcement good, but Jesus’ message is good news, as is his very self. “Gos” means good and “Spel” means story, or news. Jesus, and all he says and does, is the gospel. We are to repent and shed our sin along with shedding the attitude of waiting.
Jesus acts this out by calling Simon, Andrew, James and John from their fishing nets, and “immediately” they leave their boats and go with him. For them to do that was very counter-cultural, even disrespectful of their family, and, frankly, just plan weird, even for us. When is that last time you put down your pen on your desk and walked away from your job? Can you imagine the power in Jesus’ command to, “Come with me”? Have you ever felt anything like that? Has God ever put that kind of message in your heart? What would you do to enliven and built up Holy Trinity if that happened to you?
And then, Jesus, along with his followers, went to the synagogue. Jesus teaches there, “as one having authority”…and not just as a scribe, or scholar. He commands an unclean spirit to leave a man, and it does. Everyone is astonished and amazed. Interesting, isn’t it – the unclean spirits know and obey Jesus in an instant, and we, well, often not so much. Is it because we haven’t grasped what he asks us to do? Or do we not know him well enough?
Jesus is then on his way to Simon/Peter’s house the same day. He restores Peter’s mother in-law to health; not only health, but a position of dignity and even fame. As a widow in declining health, she is a burden on the family and is fearful for the future. Jesus (immediately) “helpers her up”, says Mark. What an understatement!
She is able to be a hostess who exceeds the high bar of Mediterranean hospitality. The house becomes the site of all kinds of healings, and her own healing will be known as long as the Bible is read. Her life had been changed, forever different. Do you doubt that Jesus could change Holy Trinity into a thriving place of worship and impact the community?
Next, Jesus touches a leper and says, “Be made clean.” This story is full of implications. First, the story came to us in Greek, and Greek uses verbs in ways that we don’t. In this case, “Be made clean” means, “Someone else will make you clean.” In other words, God is doing the healing. Jesus is not claiming this power as his own, just as he does not offer to heal the widow, but helps her move away from the sick bed. It is a great portrayal of Jesus as the obedient and humble son acting as the conduit of God’s power. We can be the conduit of God’s power, which is often found in humble prayer, worship, and obedience.
Second, just as “a cold” can mean many possible illnesses, a “leper” in that day could have many different skin conditions. But they all had one thing in common: the person had ugly sores on their body. Any type of physical disfiguration was suspect then, and made the person “ritually unclean”. No animal with any physical imperfections could be used for sacrifice in the temple. Likewise, no person with sores could worship in the temple. To add insult to injury, the cause of illness was presumed to be sin. The person was blamed for their own illness, and they were viewed as moral pollution in the community.
Because it was seen as a “sin” issue, the Priest banished lepers and declared them healed. The isolation and blame could be worse than the sores. This leper somehow knows and believes in Jesus. Jesus, evidently, was a cafeteria Jew, because he followed the Jewish law in Leviticus and sent the leper to the priest; but he touched the leper in pity, thereby breaking another law as he restored the man to wholeness. Jesus put himself at risk of being mobbed by suffering people in hopes of healing. He told the leper to be silent, not wanting a reputation as a miracle man/ wonder worker. Remember, he came to urge repentance and belief. He knew his goal. What is our goal, here in this parish?
So, to be like Jesus, we must be short on presumption and long on pity. We must be dependent on God’s power and know it. We must use God’s eyes to see past the sores on skin and see the sores of the heart. We must focus on our goal and honor the directives of God, not culture. With prayerful discernment we must be prepared to act for the glory of God when we are called. Old presumptions may require repentance, and belief may need to be strengthened. Our path forward as a church may bring us change, but we can trust it will be “Good News”.
4th Sunday in Ordinary time
Our 1st reading today starts with a reminder of when Moses brought down the 10 commandments from the mountain (Exodus 20: 10). There was thunder and lightening. The earth trembled, the clouds were thick, and there was a sound like trumpets blasting. It was scary; the people were afraid. They believed that they could die from getting too close to God. They never again wanted to hear the voice of God.
We believe God loves us, “and we long to see his face.” But have you ever wondered why God does not speak to us directly? Have you ever said, “I wish God would just tell me the answer to my problems”? We complain that God does not communicate with us clearly, making it hard to know the right thing to do.
In Moses day, there was an answer to the problem – people were called to be “prophets”. A prophet does not foretell the future; a prophet just relates a message clearly and accurately from God to a person or a group of people. Of course, that was no guarantee that anyone would do what the prophet said. The Old Testament is filled with the stories of people who found God’s message too difficult, or found the advice of other people more appealing, which always lead to humiliations and hardships.
Our Psalm mentions one of the occasions when this happened. While traveling from Egypt to the Promised Land, God gave Moses and the Israelites manna and quail to eat. But when they camped at a place which had no water, the people quarreled and rebelled against Moses’ leadership. They still failed to trust when Moses told them that God would provide for them, even after they had eaten the manna and seen God’s strength lead them out of slavery in Egypt! They rebelled against both God’s message and the prophet who brought the message. That is why the place was named Massah (quarrel) and Meribah (rebel). Once again, their fear had stopped them from hearing God. The Psalm is a prayer that we might to be able to hear God without a messenger.
Finally, our reading from Mark follows immediately after Jesus calls Peter, Andrew, James and John from their fishing to follow him. It is the first time Jesus teaches in a local synagogue and does a healing miracle. They know Jesus only as the son of Joseph, a carpenter. The amazement of the people is somewhat skeptical. How is Jesus able to speak and teach with more understanding and knowledge than even the scribes, who are educated, who read and write with ease? Why is Jesus so sure of himself and teaches as one with vast experience and understanding? He is like a prophet who confidently announces words which come from God, and heals, too!
The unclean spirit in the man recognizes Jesus’ authority. The spirit cries out, literally shrieks in fear of Jesus, as Moses’ people had feared God. The spirit is unable to disobey and leaves the man. The people debate among themselves, trying to understand what they have witnessed. But they cannot deny what they have seen, and the news spreads rapidly. The fame of Jesus builds as the people recognize, even if they do not name the source of it, his authority and his power.
If only Mark had recorded the teaching! We do not know what he said, only the stunning impact he created on the people. It is hard not to wish we had been there to experience what amazed the people so. We also wish we had the clarity of Jesus’ teaching and his presence among us.
But we do! We have 4 Gospels, 4 different and fascinating records of the life, teaching, and miracles of Jesus. We also have all the letters by Paul and others that have been saved. We have some 2000 years of church history and Tradition. Many wise and faithful Christians have left their legacies, their lives, their writings, their studies for us. It is an incredible and vast collection to help us grow in the faith. We no longer have to wonder who Jesus was. Jesus has given us the Holy Spirit; we have the Spirit indwelling in our hearts to guide us.
But what if we fail to read or study the teaching of Jesus? We are like people who read only the first paragraph of each chapter of a book and think they are ready to attend a book club discussion. We would be like students who don’t read the assigned text book, expecting a couple of important bulletin points to be emailed to them by the professor. Hearing just short passages on Sunday robs us of the crucial settings and background of why, for example, Jesus told a particular parable. Jesus often refers to Moses and Abraham – how can we understand those references unless we know those characters and their stories.
Have you ever been pressed to explain or defend baptism or the Eucharist, and had difficulty? Do we take the Traditions of the church seriously? Do we learn all we can about why we pray as we do, why we have the sacraments and the depth of their meaning? No wonder we are so hesitant to tell other people about our faith and what it means to us. For our message to be attractive to others, it must include our knowledgeable and personal experience with God as Father, Brother, and Friend.
Perhaps we think God is silent because we are silent about God. Perhaps we have stopped listening to God and focused on all the “thunder and lightening” of our culture instead. Perhaps we still fear God, because we do not yet know God. Oh, that today we would hear God’s voice!
Today’s gospel from Mark gives a slightly different account of Jesus’ call of his disciples. First we see that John the Baptist has been arrested, and also that Jesus has started his ministry. This means that the disciples had an awareness of him and possibly that is why they answered his invitation so readily. God’s call did not always come easy in Israel’s history. Many of the prophets only reluctantly answered God’s call. A prime example was Jonah in our first reading. But we see that in the end God got his way even with the reluctant. Jesus was preaching that it was time to repent and believe the good news. He had a message and it was new. But first a person must repent, turn around, change and hear the good news. Hearing the good news means attaching oneself to Jesus. That was the ultimate turn around, made first by Jesus’ disciples and passed on even to us today. Jesus’ call was to a way of life, to a lifestyle, to living together in a community he came to call a church. It entails a whole new way of life and worship, that Jesus began by fulfilling God’s plan that included even his dieing and his resurrection. The good question today is can we with all the interruptions and daily problems still commit ourselves fully to Christ as the First disciples, who left their Father and their boats and followed Jesus. Surely sometimes it is easy, but at other time it is difficult and challenging. But we must remember always we have Jesus and the Strength of his Cross to get us through whatever we face.
3rd Sunday of Advent – December 17, 2017
46 And Mary said, ‘My soul proclaims the greatness of the Lord 47 and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior, 48 for he has looked upon his lowly servant. From this day all generations will call me blessed; 49 the Almighty has done great things for me, and holy is his name. 50 He has mercy on those who fear him in every generation. 51 He has shown strength with his arm; he has scattered the proud in the thoughts of their hearts. 52 He has brought down the powerful from their thrones, and lifted up the lowly; 53 he has filled the hungry with good things, and the rich he has sent away empty. 54 He has come to the help of his servant Israel, 55 for he has remembered his promise of mercy to our fathers, to Abraham and to his descendants forever.”
This week we have a special reading as the Psalm. Much of it, in fact, comes from the Psalms. Some say that the Magnificat could not have been spoken by a young Jewish woman in the first century. Sometimes our pride in our literacy hides treasures from our eyes. I suggest we set aside our judgment, born of our own moment in time. We must view the Magnificat from a time when many, if not most, people routinely learned long quotations from Scripture in the absence of being able to read. Having memorized it, they meditated on it, turning it over and over in their minds; it became part of who they were and how they lived. We, on the other hand, tend to read but not remember; we hear but do not listen. We say the words but our understanding does not grow.
Just for a few moments, immerse yourself in this incredible poetic outcry that most certainly was formed with the help of the Holy Spirit. I want to show you where the Magnificat verses came from and the enormous power that is embedded in them.
The Magnificat is a blend of multiple references from the Old Testament Scriptures listed below and many others. It was profoundly different from the social order of the day and could have been considered to be anarchy or treason against the government. It was, at that time, considered to be what we might call extremely “leftist”, or “socialist”. It seems to advocate for the upheaval of government, and threatens those in power. It portrays God as being on the side of the poor, the hungry and the helpless – those called “a burden on society”. God will take from those filled with greed and self-worship and give to those clinging to faith. There is a message that class structure- however disguised or justified-will be reversed. It is, in a word, revolutionary in the classic sense. Above all it underlines that God will fulfill the promises we find in the Scriptures.
It has been described as a song of thanksgiving for the immense graces given in salvation; a song of the poor whose hope is met only as God fulfills those promises. But we cannot ignore that it reminds us that salvation will bring a world with structure very unlike past or present governments and, too often, even the church. Consider that Luke put these powerful verses in the mouth of a very amazing woman of great faith and purity of heart who is frequently portrayed as “meek and mild”!
Verse 46– Psalm 35, 9: “Then I will rejoice in the Lord, exult in God’s Salvation.” Isaiah 61, 10: “I rejoice heartily in the Lord, in my God is the joy of my soul; for he has clothed me with a robe of salvation, and wrapped me in a mantle of justice.”
Verse 47 – Psalm 34, 1-3: “I will bless the Lord at all times… My soul shall make its boast in the Lord; the humble shall hear it and rejoice… let us exalt His name together.”
Verse 48 – 1 Samuel 1, 11: “O Lord of hosts, if you look with pity on the misery of your servant, if you remember me and do not forget me…” Psalm 113, 7: “The Lord raises the needy from the dust, lifts the poor from the ash heap…” Psalm 138, 6: “For though the Lord is exalted, yet he regards the lowly; but the haughty he knows from afar.”
Verse 49 – Psalm 71, 19: “…that I may proclaim your might to all generations yet to come, your power and justice, God, to the highest heaven. You have done great things…” Psalm 111, 9: “You have sent deliverance to your people…and awesome is your name.” Psalm 126, 2-3: “It was said, ‘The Lord has done great things for them’.”
Verse 50 – Psalm 103, 13 &17: “…so the Lord has compassion on the faithful. But the Lord’s kindness is forever, toward the faithful from age to age.”
Verse 51 – Psalm 118, 15: “The Lord’s right hand strikes with power; the Lord’s right hand is raised…” Jeremiah 32, 17: “Ah, Lord God, you have made heaven and earth by your great might, with your outstretched arm; nothing is impossible to you.” Isaiah 40, 10: “Behold, the Lord God will come with might, with his arm ruling for him.”
Verse 52 – Isaiah 2, 11 &12: “The haughty eyes of man will be lowered, the arrogance of men will be abased, and the Lord alone will be exalted on that day. For the Lord of hosts will have his day against all that is proud and arrogant… and it will be brought low.” 2 Samuel 22, 28: “You save lowly people, though on the lofty your eyes look down.” Job 5, 11: “He sets up on high the lowly…” Job 12, 18 & 19: “He loosens the bonds imposed by kings, and binds a waistcloth on their loins (like a slave). He leads counselors (priests) away barefoot and overthrows the mighty.” Psalm 147, 6: “The Lord sustains the poor, but casts the wicked to the ground.” Sirach 10, 14: “God overturns the thrones of the arrogant and establishes the lowly in their place.”
Verse 53 – 1 Samuel 2:4 & 5: “The bows of the mighty are broken, while the tottering gird on strength. The well-fed hire themselves out for bread, while the hungry thrive on spoil.” Psalm 107, 9: “For he satisfied the thirsty, filled the hungry with good things.”
Verse 54 – Psalm 98, 3: “The Lord has remembered faithful love toward the house of Israel.” Isaiah 41, 8-10: “But you, Israel, my servant, Jacob, offspring of Abraham my friend – You… whom I have chosen and will not cast off – fear not, I am with you…”
Verse 55 –Psalm 105, 8-9: God is mindful of his covenant for ever, the covenant which he made with Abraham, his sworn promise to Isaac… Micah 7, 20: “You will show faithfulness to Jacob, and grace to Abraham, as you have sworn to our fathers from days of old.”
29th Sunday Ordinary time, 10-22-17. Isaiah 45:1,4-6; Palm 96:1-10; 1Thessalonians 1:1-5b; Matthew 22: 15-21
We start today with Cyrus. To help us understand this, and indeed all our readings today, we need to know who Cyrus was, what he did, and why Isaiah gives such glowing praise to him.
Here’s some history: Babylon came into prominence in ancient history about 1,830 years before the birth of Christ. But the Babylon we read about in the Bible is mostly the Babylonian armies of Nebuchadnezzar. In 586 BC they captured and destroyed Jerusalem, taking all the treasures from the Temple, killing many of the people, and taking most of the remaining population as captives to exile in Babylon. The military tactics of Babylon were to take everything of value and kill and burn everything else. They ruled over other nations by destroying the population centers, the culture, and the very way of life of their victims. This is why the Bible uses Babylon as a symbol and synonym for evil.
But what goes around comes around, and brutal Babylon fell to Cyrus, the Persian king, in 540 BC. Cyrus had an entirely different style from Nebuchadnezzar. He would negotiate with nations before he used force. In the end, he ruled most of Europe and Asia, and created the largest Empire in history. Cyrus respected the customs and religions of the lands he conquered and is still recognized for his achievements in human rights, politics, and military strategy. He established a government which –listen to this!-worked to the advantage and profit of its subjects; and he repatriated the people to their original homelands, even decreeing that the Temple in Jerusalem should be rebuilt. Cyrus is the only non-Jew to be called “the anointed one”, the same title given to Israel’s kings, because he restored the Jewish Nation. His behavior, and by extension, his image is forever a part of Jewish history. But God is still God, and the only God.
The truth is that Cyrus acted more like God than many of Israel’s kings. The people of Ancient Israel were to understand that their true King was indeed God, not the man who sat on the throne. Our Psalm then, is an enthronement Psalm, which was to be sung at the annual feast where the king took his throne to symbolize God’s kingship over the people.
Moving on to the Gospel, it is important to start by saying that Jesus does not pull off a “smooth dodge” to a difficult question, but rather roughly confronts his challengers. They were immediately stripped of their pretense and proven to be hypocrites. Jesus won round one by the fact that they were carrying and handed him a Roman coin which proclaimed Caesar to be divine and had an image of him (considered by Jews to be a sinful and idolatrous “graven image”).
Secondly, is this about a 40/60 or 30/70 split between God and Caesar? No! Even the question of what belongs to God and what belongs to Caesar is meaningless. We have missed Jesus’ point if we try to sort our lives into two piles: one for God and one for the Caesar-type God-want-to-be’s. For we were created in God’s image. If the image of Caesar on the coin means the coin belongs to Caesar and recognizes Caesar as head of the Roman Empire, then if we bear the image of God, who do we belong to? Who rules over our lives? God, of course, 100%. God ruled over Caesar and all human leaders, even the Pharisees and the Herodians. Jesus won round two when he sent a clear message of shame to them by revealing their question as a denial of God’s role in their lives. They were resisting what they themselves taught as God’s message and they were not acting as God has taught them.
Finally, Jesus is not talking about a division between church and state. That is a modern American concept, and would be unheard of in Judea in Jesus’ day. It’s not about paying taxes. That was just the cover story of the challengers. This is a confrontation regarding the teachings and authority of Jesus, and over the last few weeks we have read a total of 5 confrontations where Jesus has used increasingly strongly worded and pointed parables to shame those who challenged him into seeing their errors. We have heard the laborers in the vineyard, the two sons in the vineyard, the landowner whose tenants killed his son, the wedding feast, and now the coin question. In Matthew’s Gospel, all these stories are told during Holy Week. It is as if Jesus is pulling out all the stops to help his challengers understand, and instead they become more entrenched, angrier, and increasingly determined to silence him.
The saddest paradox of this exchange is that these Jewish leaders, the Pharisees and Herodians, have Jesus standing in front of them. This is what ultimately reveals their blindness to God. It’s painful to read about the stubbornness of those men. It’s even more painful to have people we care about in our lives who will not change their response to God. It’s especially painful to find those hidden places in our own lives that do not reflect Christ’s love, his prayers and teaching, his generosity and patience, and his sacrifice for us. To live our lives in God’s image, we can look to Christ.
But St. Paul had found, in Thessalonica, people who had chosen to look to Christ. Paul leaves us more hopeful as we read what he wrote to them, “We give thanks to God always for all of you, calling to mind your work of faith and labor of love and endurance in hope.” The Gospel, Paul says, “…did not come to you in word alone, but also in power and in the Holy Spirit and with much conviction.” And so, we are encouraged to seek the Gospel in Word and in Power and with much conviction, with the help of the Holy Spirit, who stands ready, day and night, to bring us a constantly deeper understanding of God, allowing us to live in God’s image.
22nd Sun Ord time, 9-3-17
Jeremiah 20:7-9; Psalm: 63:2-9; Romans 12:1-2; Matthew 16:21-27
Our readings today could easily be titled: The Four Steps of Attitude Adjustment. Let me explain what I mean. We start with The Prophet Jeremiah in our first reading. This is step one. Like most of us when we are compelled to do something we don’t want to do, Jeremiah is whining. He blames God; he says he was “duped”/ “seduced”/ “misled”. Jeremiah wants God to know that he is doing this job as a prophet against his will. He is frightened by the threats made against him. He is tired of being ridiculed. He himself thinks the message God has given him to share with the people is a message of violence; he is disguised with himself for delivering the message.
So why does he continue to be a prophet for God? Jeremiah has tried to stop. He promised himself he would stop. But then the message “becomes like a fire burning in my heart”; he says he cannot hold the words in, he feels weak and out of control. The way Jeremiah describes his situation is almost like compulsive behavior or addiction; he is full of negativity and resistance.
The next situation, step two, starts off well. We look at is the apostle Simon Peter in the Gospel. Peter has just been given the name of “Peter”, or the solid, stone foundation for the Church. Peter is given the keys to heaven, and great authority; it seems impressive. But then, in just a few moments, it goes from ideal to awful. Jesus begins to talk about suffering and being killed. What had sounded glorious has turned grisly.
Peter is so full of himself that he tries to set Jesus straight; he says Jesus is wrong, mistaken. Surely the Son of God will not allow himself to be victimized by the chief priests, of all people! Peter had been thinking that he was strong enough to stand in his own power, but that illusion is swept away. Jesus calls him the Devil. Ouch!! Jesus persists, saying that Peter must expect to take up his cross!! Had Peter signed up for crucifixion?? He would lose his life? OMG!
Step 3 starts off badly, with our Psalmist saying, “my flesh pines and my soul thirsts like the earth, parched, lifeless and without water.” He clearly is not in control of his situation, either. He sounds like a guy in real trouble. But he is actually seeking greater power than himself. Suddenly it changes; everything changes. He looks into the temple and sees a vision of the power and glory of God. He sees kindness so intense it is a greater good than life itself.
Praise for God comes out of his mouth without thinking – he blesses God, lifts up his hands in worship and calls out for God. He is no longer hungry or thirsty – he feels as if he is at the richest and most abundant of banquets, where every possible desire for food and drink will be satisfied. He feels sheltered; he clings to God as a steady and reliable force for his life and is filled with joy.
Finally, we read from St. Paul, who has already suffered a stoning and beatings for teaching the Good News of Jesus. He does not even consider his own strength or power. He offers instead the “mercies of God.” He tells us the attitude of success is one of offering our self to God, like a living sacrifice, and offering worship to God. Paul adds that we do not need to behave like the people around us, but rather our attitude needs to tune into God, changing and renewing us, enabling us to know the will of God. Then we will understand what really is good and pleasing to God. Instead of trying to control a situation, or bend a situation to our desires and benefit, we should choose to be molded into a new direction, a different understanding, where we can begin to understand how to be loving and just and true.
Jeremiah wanted life to be easy and pleasant. He just wants to fit in, have some buddies, and go with the flow. He is very conflicted; God is cramping his style.
Peter is a good man. Power and authority also sound good to him, but only if he’s on the winning side. He loves Jesus; but he’s hoping for maybe a little upward mobility? He wants God to defeat the Roman army and take charge.
Next our Psalm writer is looking for God, even in the midst of thirst and hunger. He goes to the temple, and finds a spirit of glory and kindness. Without one bite of food, he feels filled and satisfied. Without any power of his own, he feels safe and joyful with God.
Last is Paul, who can open himself fully to God’s plan, and wants to conform to God’s ways; he is ready, and urges us, to commit – body, soul, and mind.
This is not a process that necessarily comes from intelligence, maturity, experience or background. It is not a program where you just follow 4 easy steps. It is a gift of the Spirit which we can choose to nurture and follow. For each person, the path is unique; ironically blissful and demanding at the same time. Yes, the retirement plan is outstanding, but living the Godly life is unexpectedly and deeply rewarding.
My friends, keep up the good work.