18th Sunday Ordinary Time 8-5-18
Exodus 16:2-4, 12-15, Ps: 78:3-4, 23- 25, 54; Ephesians 4:17, 20-24; John 6:24-35
If you missed Bishop Ron’s homily last week, you missed a great introduction to the 6-week series of reading we are in the midst of from the Gospel of John. As Bishop Ron explained, John wrote his gospel some 50 or so years after the other Gospels. He wasn’t writing to convert people to Christianity as much as he was writing to bring already converted Christians into a deeper faith. Time had given the early Church an opportunity to clarify what they believed; and John was part of that process.
Today, Jesus uses a common strategy which encourages people to ask a series of questions. Jesus would then answer by re-directing their thinking. He encouraged them to consider what bread might symbolize, and what work might be – beyond just a way to buy bread.
It starts by the crowd looking for Jesus near Tiberias on the west shore of the Lake of Galilee. He’s not there, but they find him on the north shore near Capernaum. They ask, “When did you get here?” Jesus immediately redirects, since the conversation needs to be about “The Bread”. He says, “That doesn’t matter. Your real goal was to find me, not because of the miracles I do, but because yesterday you got to eat all the bread you wanted.”
Having established the topic of conversation, Jesus then talks about what their goal should be. He says, “Do not work for food that perishes, but for food that lasts for eternal life, food which the Son of Man will give you…” He acknowledges that their days are filled with work, work that typically paid only enough to buy food for just that one day. It was a treadmill –type existence where they were exhausted and all their earnings, their day, and their strength were spent, and their food was gone. Jesus is not talking about food that lasts eternally, but rather food that gives eternal life. This food is a gift that comes from Jesus. The “seal of God on Jesus” is a way of saying that Jesus is telling them the absolute truth.
Bishop Ron also asked us to think of food we eat daily; to consider the role food plays in our lives, about the necessity of food for each and every person alive on earth, to realize how little control we have over food production. We come to realize that even a simple loaf of bread is a work of God. Jesus is asking the crowd to think in broad ways and look for meaning beyond tomorrow.
So the crowd asks their next question. “What work can we do, then, to please God?” Jesus has the answer ready: “This is the work of God: have faith in him whom he sent.” Remember back a month to July 1st, when we read the story of the woman who was healed when she touched Jesus’ robe, and Jesus said to her, “Your faith has saved you.” Remember that? Now Jesus tells the crowd, “This is the work of God: that you believe in the one he sent.” He is telling them to have faith.
Today we use the word “faith” to mean the teachings and practices of a particular church. That is not how the word “faith” or “belief” was used in Jesus’ day. Then it meant faithfulness, loyalty, commitment, solidarity. Belief was the social glue that together; it was not head knowledge, but a deeply emotional value that was obvious to other people; it was a complete and binding relationship. Faith was not a toe checking the temperature of the water; faith was complete and overwhelming one-ness.
But the crowd has not forgotten the bread; they are still hoping for free bread that does not require work, sort of like us when we buy lottery tickets. At that time, Jewish rabbis were already teaching that there was deeper meaning to the story of the “manna bread” given to the people of Exodus. They taught that the manna was a symbol of the Jewish scriptures. Those scriptures were the Word of God, which satisfied the hunger of the human spirit for wisdom and understanding better than anything else. They also taught that the manna would re-appear. That was what the people who lived a day-to-day existence heard and remembered. So the crowd demands a “sign” of manna before they will commit to belief. Jesus answers: He is the manna; He is the Bread of Life.
John is writing to argue against a Christian faith which does not go beyond a sign or which does not extend to what is signified. What does that mean? In this case, the words “sign” and “miracle” mean the same thing. So, the miracle of Jesus multiplying the loaves and fishes was not just about everyone getting something to eat that day, it has greater significance and leads to deeper truth. That miracle opened the door for people to have an insight into who Jesus was and how he will “feed” our souls for eternity. We discover Jesus as both a gift of God and the one who gave his life so that we might live.
We do not celebrate the Eucharist just to have something concrete to remember Jesus. We celebrate the Eucharist to give thanks to God for Jesus and to open our eyes to who Jesus was and what he did to open the door to eternal life for us. The Eucharist is not ours alone, but we are to share this bread, to multiply those who come here to learn and believe. We join with each other around this table so that we might have understanding beyond bread. We come for the sharing of our faith, to be in solidarity with fellow Christians in our belief, and support each other in making our faith obvious to others.
To end this passage, Jesus says, “I am the bread of life, whoever comes to me will never hunger, and whoever believes in me will never thirst.” Jesuit Father Dennis Hamm said it best when he wrote, “Jesus is known to us, through faith, as the Word of God made flesh, and who was revealed most fully in his death and resurrection. It is he who can satisfy our deepest hunger to know what life means and who we are in order to live it (fully).”